ark


ark
The English translates two unrelated Hebrew nouns:
1) The first is that of the vessel of three storeys in which Noah and his family and animals were accommodated during the Flood [[➝ flood]]. This legend of Gen. 6–9 is similar to, and was perhaps influenced by, the Babylonian Gilgamesh epic which also features an enormous boat. The same Hebrew word is used for the basket in which the infant Moses was placed (Exod. 2:3). This ark is referred to by 1 Pet. 3:20–1 in the context of Christian baptism, which also saves through water.
2) The other noun denotes the Ark of the Covenant [[➝ covenant]], a kind of portable shrine with a lid carried in the wilderness and round Jericho (Josh. 6) and supposedly containing the two tablets of the Law (Deut. 10:2, 5). It was regarded as a throne for the earthly presence of the invisible God, and those who desecrated it were punished (1 Sam. 6:19). It was once captured by the Philistines (1 Sam. 4) with disastrous consequences which led them to return it to Israel. The ark was established by David in Jerusalem and installed by Solomon in the Holy of Holies of his new Temple (1 Kgs. 8:4–7). It was believed that its presence would protect the city from its foes, but in fact the ark was probably part of the loot when Jerusalem was destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 BCE. As the focus for the rite on the Day of Atonement [[➝ Atonement, Day of, atonement]] the ark was held by later generations to be overlaid with gold (Exod. 25:10–16). This is referred to by Heb. 9:4, which implies that there existed another tradition that the ark also contained a portion of manna and Aaron's rod (Exod. 16:33; Num. 17:10).

Dictionary of the Bible.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ark —     Ark of the Covenant     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Ark of the Covenant     The Hebrew word aron, by which the Ark of the Covenant is expressed, does not call to the mind, as that used for Noah s Ark, a large construction, but rather a chest.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Ark — may refer to:Religion* Ark (synagogue), a cabinet used to store a synagogue s Torah scroll * Ark of the Covenant, the consecrated container for the tablets of the Ten Commandments * Ark of bulrushes, the boat of the infant Moses * Noah s Ark,… …   Wikipedia

  • ARK — ARK, the receptacle in the synagogue in which the Torah scrolls are kept. Among Ashkenazim, it is generally called the aron or aron kodesh ( Holy Ark ; cf. II Chron. 35:3); among the Sephardim, it is known as the heikhal or sanctuary ( Ehal among …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ARK — ist: eine Linux Distribution, siehe Ark Linux ein Packprogramm für die Desktopumgebung KDE, siehe Ark (Packprogramm) der Name einer schwedischen Glam Rock Band, siehe The Ark der Name einer norwegischen Progressive Metal Band, siehe Ark (Band)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ark — ist: eine Linux Distribution ein Packprogramm für die Desktopumgebung KDE, siehe Ark (Packprogramm) der Name einer schwedischen Glam Rock Band, siehe The Ark der Name einer norwegischen Progressive Metal Band, siehe Ark (Band) der Name einer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ark — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. {{{image}}}   Sigles d une seule lettre   Sigles de deux lettres > Sigles de trois lettres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ARK — may refer to:*ARK (band), a metal band *ARK (rock band), a rock band from Manchester, England *Archaeological Recording Kit, a database and GIS web based recording system for archaeology * [http://www.cdlib.org/inside/diglib/ark/ Archival… …   Wikipedia

  • Ark — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ark Ark en KDE 4.1 …   Wikipedia Español

  • ark — ark; ge·ark·sut·ite; lan·ark·ite; lan·ark·shire; new·ark; new·ark·er; …   English syllables

  • Ark — ([aum]rk), n. [OE. ark, arke, arche, AS. arc, earc, earce, fr. L. arca, fr. arcere to inclose, keep off; akin to Gr. arkei^n to keep off.] 1. A chest, or coffer. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Bearing that precious relic in an ark. Spenser. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ark — ► NOUN 1) (in the Bible) the ship built by Noah to save his family and two of every kind of animal from the Flood. 2) (also Holy Ark) a chest or cupboard housing the Torah scrolls in a synagogue. 3) (Ark of the Covenant) the chest which contained …   English terms dictionary


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